Many of the ground-breaking technologies today are shaping the medical world for the future. Advances in medical technologies aim to improve and save many lives. Most of these Top 10 Medical Innovations or technologies are not only changing the healthcare industry but also other industries. These new medical innovations are boosting the ability of the doctors and also benefitting the patients with better monitoring and treatment.
Here are 10 medical innovations to look forward to.
Precision or personalized medicines are used to treat patients according to their genetic makeup. These are very effective in treatment as doctors can select personalized regimes depending on an individual’s response to drugs and therapy.
For example, to treat diseases, such as cancer, personalized medicine is used as it attacks tumors according to the patient’s specific genes and easily destroying it using cancer medicines. It is also used to treat rheumatoid arthritis. By attacking disease’ vulnerable genes, it reduces joint damage. This technology is being used in biotechnology and pharmacology.
Another application is RNA based therapeutics, where it interferes with data at a genetic level to intercept abnormality before it spreads. Rare genetic disorders can be treated using this therapy.
With the increasing reach of mobile and internet, telehealth is becoming the most important trend in medical technology. Telehealth provides medical care through digital devices; therefore patients don’t have to wait for a face to face appointment. Patients and health care providers are able to communicate remotely eliminating geographical and language barriers. It includes healthcare apps and wearables that help in monitoring a patient’s vitals such as heart rate, blood pressure, etc. with regular virtual checkups and health monitors, stroke, heart attack or any health emergency can be avoided.
3.CRISPR (Clustered Regularly Interspaced Short Palindromic Repeats):
It is a gene-editing technology that alters DNA sequences and modifies gene function. It can be used for correcting gene defects, preventing the spread of diseases. This technology is developed from the natural defense mechanism of bacteria which uses CRISPR derived RNA to destroy the DNA of foreign invader using an enzyme that cuts DNA. However, this technology also raises ethical concerns like the tampering of genomes.
4.Virtual and Augmented Reality:
Augmented and virtual reality are playing an important role in medical education where medical students are able to get real-life experiences using simulated and hybrid environments to provide simulation training. Learning with AR and VR headsets engages all senses: audio, visual, and kinesthetic. It is widely used in physical therapy, treating mental trauma and to see inside the patient’s body.
5.3 D Printing:
This technology is becoming increasingly popular and used to create implants and joints used for surgeries. 3 D printed prosthetics are customized to match an individual’s body millimeter by millimeter thus ensuring comfort and mobility. The most commonly used 3 D printings are external prosthetics, orthopedic implants, and airway stents.
It takes 3 D printing to another level altogether. It includes bio-printing that is used to regenerate skin cells, blood vessels, synthetic ovaries, and pancreas. These organs replace the original defective organs and grow within the patient’s body. This technology can be revolutionary in developing life-saving artificial organs that are easily accepted by the body’s immune system.
It helps in minimally invasive procedures with better control and flexibility and lesser chances of infection. Image-guided robots can operate on the affected area without damaging surrounding tissues. Its applications include nanobots used in the bloodstream to diagnose a disease, exoskeletons to assist in physical therapy, fitting prosthetics with accuracy and remote surgery.
8.Wireless Brain Sensors:
These are electronic sensors that are placed in the brain and dissolve when they are not needed anymore. It is used by doctors in measuring temperature and pressure inside the brain can help in treatments eliminating the need for surgeries.
These devices are used to track everything from footsteps, physical fitness and heartbeat, to sleeping patterns. This technology aims to combat chronic diseases like diabetes and cardiovascular disease by helping patients to monitor and improve their fitness. It helps in detecting potentially dangerous health conditions much earlier than usual. The wearable devices market is growing fast with numbers of fitness apps and smartwatches and sensors being launched every year.
The majority of the people using inhalers are not able to use them properly. Bluetooth enabled smart inhalers are devices that detect the usage of inhalers. It collects data about inhaler’s use and thus helps give valuable insights towards the right guide care. It also helps in reducing the need for reliever medication and thus provides improved asthma control.
With these promising Top 10 Medical innovations a revolution in the medical industry, triggered by new technologies, is expected to change lives in the coming years.