Linux and Windows are both the ultimate rulers of the tech-savvy world. These operating systems have completely revolutionized the world with its smart features and exemplary performance and speed. Windows or Linux? Selecting one of these two operating systems would be a tough call and can leave the customer in a dilemma.
So let’s have a detailed understanding of both of these operating systems and how do they differ with each other.
The Windows operating system and Linux operating system:
Windows is an operating system specially designed by Microsoft for personal laptops and computers. It comes with a graphic user interface so that one can view files and videos. The first version of Windows OS came out in 1985. Windows is used most commonly by the people and runs on x86 hardware like Intel processors. The latest in the list of window series is Window 10.
Linux is an open-source operating system which was developed in 1991, it is based on UNIX. Linux can be modified by the user and distributed by them. It uses a graphical user interface with other software and is generally used as a server on which most web pages are developed. It is also used for desktop computers, eBook readers, gaming consoles, etc.
If we look through the support system of both the masters, Windows has a support system which is easily assessable online forums, websites and also paid support. While in Linux, it has the support of user websites, forums, and online search.
Difference between the two masters:
Now let’s have a look at some of the basic comparative points of Linux and Windows operating system and conclude which one will be the best depending upon the requirement of the user:
1. Constraints on access:
Windows restricts the access to the source code for the users which can only be reached by a few selected group of members of the Microsoft.
Whereas in Linux the user has access to the source code and the user can make changes to it. The advantage of this access would be that the bugs of the operating system can be operated at a better place. Along with the advantage, there is a disadvantage that the developers can point out the weaknesses in the operating system.
With a Windows, although a customer can customize it according to their needs there is a limited number of options to do so.
There are various versions or distributions of the Linux which provide as much customization to the user as they desire.
3. License and rule:
We can say that Microsoft is a bit stricter in terms of licensing than a Linux. In windows, even the licensed users do not have access to the source code. One cannot modify the software. For every single computer you require a licensed software, one cannot copy it from the other.
While in a Linux with a licensed operating system, GPL users can make changes in the software, can copy the software to any number of the system and even sell their own version.
4. Make use fo command line.
If you look at Windows we have a command line but it is way different from that Linux. There a few steps to access it. First, go running. After that, you need to enter cmd. After, this the command line would open.
On the other hand in Linux, the command line is used as an administration tool and daily tasks by people. Although it does not prove that beneficial for an end-user.
5. Run levels:
While you are working with Windows and come across any problem, you need to reboot your system at run level 3 being an administrator. Otherwise, you have to root to find and operate the problem.
Linux automatically stops at different run levels. Otherwise one can work using command lines and GUI in case you’re facing any problems.
6. Installing and using:
Windows and Linux are almost contrasting to each other in every form. Here also we can see that windows are a very simple system that the user can understand easily and operate on it but we cannot ignore the fact that it takes much more time in installation as compared to Linux.
If we see the functioning of Linux, it is a bit complicated for a user to install, they need to understand and follow the rules of installation. But at the same time despite a complex installation it also solves large complex problems very quickly and easily as compared to Windows.
7. The system of updates:
Updates in the Windows can be very annoying as they come at a much unexpected time, often when you are going through some important work. As they pop up you need to leave your work and install the update.
While with a Linux the scene is somewhat interesting and just the opposite. Here you have full control over your updates. You can have updates whenever you want, the system would not force you to do so. Also, the updates take far lesser time as compared to the updates of a Windows and also you do not need to reboot your system.
At times you will find that all through Windows is a very simple system to operate in comparison to others but it is more vulnerable than others, because if it is easy for you to operate. It is also easy for a threat to operate on it. Likewise, Windows is usually a target of viruses and malware and it is advised not to use it without an antivirus. If you are doing so, it is at your own risk.
Now coming back to Linux here the developers do not have to think about the viruses much like the developers of Windows. It is more secure and viruses and hackers cannot happen its functioning directly. Linux developers have no such advisory to install an anti-virus although it would be no harm to do so.